The Differences Between Supranational and International Organizations
The Differences Between Supranational and International Organizations are given herein. You will find this article informative.
What is a supranational organization
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According to the International Law Commission, international organization can be described as an “organization established by a treaty or other instrument governed by international law and possessing its own international legal personality”.
International organizations usually has States as associates which is also open to other non-member states to become associates. International organization was created with only three states formally sustained with a formal agreement.
As an organized body, the international organization is governed by law and stream line policies. This justifies why the process of the decision making in international organizations is considerable subject to the law and not based on governmental affairs or made sentimental.
This body can be segmented into two namely are intergovernmental organizations and international nongovernmental organizations.
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A supranational organization is an international union in which the control and power of member states exceeds the resident limits as interests are shared in the process of decision making such that any group has the right to vote on subjects affecting the cooperative organization.
Example of this union are the European Union and the World Trade Organization. In the EU, every member is entitle to pass a vote on policy that can reform the union and any other member nation as well.
The advantage of this concept is the collaboration that results from communal and monetary and economic policies which creates a better stronger dignity on the international base.
Since the concept has been adequately explains, this article will on the differences between international and supranational organizations
Article VI of the 1967 Outer Space Treaty states that “States Parties to the Treaty shall bear international responsibility for national activities in outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, whether such activities are carried on by governmental agencies or by non-governmental entities, and for assuring that national activities are carried out in conformity with the provisions set forth in the present Treaty.
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The activities of non-governmental entities in outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, shall require authorization and continuing supervision by the appropriate State Party to the Treaty.
When activities are carried on in outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, by an international organization, responsibility for compliance with this Treaty shall be borne both by the international organization and by the States Parties to the Treaty participating in such organization”.
The motion stated by the Article VI primarily referred to international organizations and excluded supranational organizations which was not in existence.
This was due to that fact that supranational organizations especially the European Union performed its actions in outer space like the Moon and other celestial bodies. This is a distinguishing characteristics.
Intergovernmental organizations are composed of multiple public entities. The governance framework and scope of these international organizations are based on the establishment of intergovernmental agreements.
They are international organizations set up and steered by states, sometimes with involvement of other international organizations whose voice counts state-like.
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Supranational stakeholders is the incorporation of several nation states under the authority of a supranational entity vigorously involved in the transmission of certain fraction of their independence.
It ensures that this notable body coordinates and implements the policies in all states. The primarily example is the Practice of Diplomacy by European Union.
On the other hand, international organizations are controlled by private international law which is the set of legal rules that governed relations between states whereas supranational organizations are ruled by the public international law.
When it comes to science diplomacy, both organizations have a vital aspect in tacking universal welfares and major confront.
This means that both organizations necessities the use of presumptuous international policies to increase the consciousness for the interest of other stakeholders involved and collaborating with each other.
Moreover, both organizations uses science diplomacy as a fundamental in the establishment of a global agenda for common policy goals such as the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for 2030, which generated policy operation and collaboration among several countries including stakeholders in supranational organizations.
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This is interesting to acknowledge that specific regions such as the Mediterranean, Antarctica, or the Middle-East have several desire and requirement that prompts national governments to form joint partnerships and institutions between both organizations in order to implement the science diplomacy actions.
International organizations are seen to be more rigid entities than the supranational organizations especially in the supremacy structure.