Excess Capacity – Overview, Causes, and How to Monetize It

Excess Capacity – Overview, Causes, and How to Monetize It are discussed herein. You will find this article informative.

Excess Capacity example

Excess capacity is a state that happens when the requirement for a result is fewer than the value of the requirement that a company can hypnotically provide to the market.

When a firm is creating at an inferior scale of production than it has remained intended for, it creates overindulgence volume.

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The term excess capacity is normally expended in industries. Assuming futile personnel at a construction factory, it can indicate that the service has an excess ability.

However, excess capacity is capable of causing an effect on the service sector. In the cafeteria industry, for instance, nearby there are organizations that recurrently have unfilled tables, down with a staff that seems idle.

This inadequate is an indication that the location can contain excess visitors, but when compared with the demand for that cafeteria may not be equivalent to its capacity.

Excess capacity is also called unutilized capacity. It happens when a firm functions yield at fewer than the best level. It can ensue when there is a market recession.

The word recession is very vital in the concept of excess capacity because a recession is often used to show a stoppage in the overall economic activity.

To an economist, when recessions are analyzed at a macroeconomics level, it is legitimately established after two successive quarters of unenthusiastic GDP growth rates.

Similarly, intensified rivalry, where demand failures and firms are compelled to decrease volume to simultaneously reduce costs.

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On the other hand, in order to intensify demand businesses classically reduce prices when there is excess capacity in the business. Excess capacity is controlled by the smallest long-run regular cost, hence, it is not a short-run incidence.

Business analysts and Economists generally study excess capacity depending on the situation of market structures especially when it possesses the characteristics of the perfect competition such features include no competition, each company does not make a monopolistic product but a similar product, the existence of numerous buyers and seller, there is no cost transaction, buyers and sellers have access and perfect knowledge about the price and there is no barrier to entry into or exit from the market. This feature makes excess capacity very profitable and accessible.

Thus, in a market with perfect competition, both manufacturers and customers are price-takers. This means that the company must accept the prevailing prices in the market.

In excess capacity market makers are in competition with one another and are constrained by the economic laws of the markets like supply and demand.

Excess Capacity under Perfect Competition can be viewed using


LAC – Long-run average cost

LMC – Long-run marginal cost

AR – Average revenue

MR – Marginal revenue

OP – Price

OQ – Quantity

E – Equilibrium point

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Where the conditions of optimal equilibrium in a perfectly competitive market structure are attained when the demand curve (AR) is oblique to the long-run average cost curve (LAC) at its least point.

At this point where the LMC = AR = MR = LAC.

The equation indicates that in the long run, notwithstanding the application of the initial firms in the market, obtainable firms create effectual usage of exciting reserves to function at the smallest point of the LAC.

Hence, in the long run, the best output is OQ, and at the equilibrium point (E), the entire firms earn standard profits and abnormal returns are unachievable.

At E, were price (OP) and best output at the inexpensive scale (OQ),

MR = LMC – AR = LAC.

Therefore, there is no excess capacity in the long run for perfectly competitive markets but only in the short run.

Causes of Excess Capacity

Several factors that cause excess capacity are over-investment, reserved demand, industrial development, and external shocks like a monetary crisis. Excess capacity can also be caused by forecasting the market or by assigning reserves unproductive.

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To endure fit and economically stable, a business’s organization requires to stay adjusted to the actualities of supply and demand.

How to Monetize Excess Capacity

Monetizing excess capacity is a sensible means of revealing income for the firm, and is very effective in society. The basic policy is converging on non-cash dealing, as well as the usage of technology. The following reasons Monetizing excess capacity.

Rent out, sell, or trade excess capacity for instance Amazon’s proceeding control and storing are consumed to optimal capacity throughout the cheerful season rush. Amazon rents out its contesting capability to other firms and government agencies.

A surplus of office space and manufacturing equipment can be offered for sale, rented out, or traded to other firms. The surplus of manufacturing apparatus can be traded for a piece of alternative equipment.

Extra cafeteria nutrition is typically required where there is a desire for applications such as Karma which simplify the sale of excess foods in the cafeteria at a decreased value.


Excess capacity is when the market demand for a commodity is relatively less than the volume of the commodity that a business can possibly supply.

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The term excess capacity relates primarily to production, especially in the services sector. Excess capacity can signify fit enlargement, but excessive excess capacity can damage a developing economy.

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